Singapore Film Locations Archive

Singapore: Crossroads of the East (1938)

Documentary

Directed by André de la Varre, in association with Paul Devlin
Language: English
Produced by André de la Varre
Year of release: 1938

Selected Film Locations:
View from Mount Faber (facing east)
View from Fort Canning Hill (facing southeast)
Fort Canning Lighthouse, Service Reservoir and vicinity
Collyer Quay and Clifford Pier, Raffles Place
China Street, Club Street (Ann Siang Hill)
Coleman Bridge, Singapore River, Boat Quay, Clarke Quay
Thian Hock Kheng Temple, Sri Mariamman Temple, Sultan Mosque, St. Andrew’s Cathedral
Queen Elizabeth Walk, Connaught Drive, Cenotaph, Victoria Memorial Hall, Municipal Building (City Hall)
Government House (Istana), Raffles Hotel, Colonial Bungalows
Orchard Road (Heeren Building)
Singapore Swimming Club

 

IN HIS PROLIFIC CAREER as a cameraperson and travel filmmaker, André de la Varre a.k.a ‘The Screen Traveler’, created a copious amount of short subject documentaries, including work done for Burton Holmes (a renown travel film lecturer who first coined the term ‘travelogue’ back in 1904.) Among them, his independently produced travelogue of Singapore in 1938 was an 11-minute piece that worked well as a simple introduction to the British colony. It was perhaps most useful as an information guide for potential travelers and tourists. For us denizens in 21st century Singapore, watching this filmlet made us ‘tourists’ to the past, or as some might say, to “a foreign country”. But there is to be no sense of feeling alien as most of what was captured in the film is surprisingly familiar. We face no difficulty recognizing the Singapore River and its bridges and quays, the waterfront and its monuments, iconic colonial buildings and famous places of worship – many of which have been conserved to the present day (to become major tourists attractions…) It took us a little more effort to recognize a scene of China Street and Club Street, looking towards Ann Siang Hill with Yeung Ching School 养正学校 (翠兰岗) at the hilltop. The school has since been demolished and the surrounding area mostly gentrified. We also had to pour through some history books, for example, the late Lee Kip Lin’s The Singapore House: 1819-1942, so as to identify the former Heeren Building along Orchard Road. Yet, there are several other shophouse streets and colonial bungalows that we still aren’t able to identify. (Perhaps readers can assist us with that.)

 

03-Crossroads-ChinaStreet-ClubStreet03A-Crossroads-OrchardRd-HeerenBuilding05-Crossroads-Colonial-bungalows-shophouse-streets

 

Two hilltop panoramic views at the beginning of the film are likewise particularly striking for us. The first was shot from Mount Faber, looking east towards the harbour (Empire Dock) and railway station at Tanjong Pagar.

01-Crossroads-Mount-Faber-view2 01A_PhotoMap-1950-MountFaber-TanjongPagar

 

The second pan, this one of downtown Singapore, was from atop Fort Canning Hill, filmed from the southeast edge of the Fort Canning Service Reservoir, with the Fort Canning Lighthouse included in the shot. This is a view of downtown Singapore in the late 1930s, sans the modern ‘glass and steel’ skyscrapers of today. The Old Supreme Court Building was not even completed then. What is of most intrigue to us in the pan shot is the (covered) service reservoir, which is still in use today, under the control of the Public Utilities Board (PUB), but closed to public access. From newspaper archives, we discovered that its construction took place between March 1927 and January 1929 – built over what used to be the old military fort. It was a major engineering feat of the time and was designed to increase the reserve of water provisions for the town, in conjunction with a new supply of piped water from Johor’s Gunung Pulai (via the older, smaller Pearl’s Hill service reservoir); at its maximum capacity, it could store 30 million gallons of water. Upon its completion, there were many suggestions to convert the turfed roof of the reservoir into a sports field or public open space, but we were unsure if that was ever realized. Perhaps that might be an idea for the authorities to consider today?

02-Crossroads-Fort-Canning-view 02A_Map-1924-FortCanning 02B_PhotoMap-1950-FortCanning 02C_GoogleMap-2014-FortCanning 02D-Fort-Canning-Reservoir-2014 02E-Fort-Canning-Reservoir-2014 02F-Fort-Canning-Lighthouse-2014 02G-Fort-Canning-2014 02H-Fort-Canning-2014

 

Singapore: Crossroads of the East is available for viewing on Youtube.

 

Further Reading:
1. Biographical notes by René de la Varre. [www.burtonholmes.org/associates/andredelavarre.html]
2. Fort Canning Reservoir: Work commenced. The Singapore Free Press, 7 March 1927, p. 8.
3. Fort Canning Reservoir: Completed expected before New Year. The Straits Times, 25 August 1928, p. 8.
4. Fort Canning Reservoir: Fine engineering feat. The Singapore Free Press, 7 February 1929, p. 9.

Film Images:
© 1938 André de la Varre

Digitized Maps:
1. Great Britain. Royal Air Force, Singapore photomap, National Library of Australia, MAP G8041.A4 s6 1950. [http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn502375]
2. Great Britian. Army. Far East Land Forces, Singapore, National Library of a Australia, MAP G8044.S5 1924 [http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn2057537
3. Copyright 2014 Google, MapIT

Photographs (Now):
© 2014 Toh Hun Ping

 

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